8 Common Applications of a Water Treatment Plant

A water treatment plant is an amenity where waste and contaminated water is treated for making it reusable. Different techniques are used by different water plants to purify polluted water, such as filtration, sedimentation, disinfection, and chlorination. Moreover, some typical water purification equipment used in such plants include screening equipment, oil water separators, water filters, sludge treatment equipment, ozone generator, etc.

Let us now see various applications of such a treatment plant.

1. Wastewater Treatment

Treating wastewater collected from the industrial, commercial and household structures is the most usual application of a water treatment plant. The physical, chemical, biological and radioactive pollutants are removed that are present in the wastewater. Two commonly used treatment processes followed here are sludge treatment and sewage treatment.

2. Surface treatment

This process may be followed by a plant to cleanse surface water for municipal usage. In this process, the colloidal matters, organic components and suspended impurities present in the surface water are usually removed using treatment processes like screening, aeration, sedimentation, sand filtration and disinfection.

3. Containerized plants

Usually, such plants are useful for the remote areas of a country where getting pollutant-free water may seem like a luxury. However, they may also be established near mining or military camps. A single unit arrangement may be used in this type of water treatment plants.

4. Ozone-based plants

Ozone is used for the purpose of water purification in ozone-based water plants. These plants are considered to be useful for treating pool water. Ozone is an effective disinfectant for different microorganisms, such as protozoan and cryptosporidium parasites. This type of plants does not require any usage of chemical to clean polluted water.

5. Seawater treatment plants

These plants help treat seawater that contains salt and minerals. A few water treatment techniques followed by these plants are membrane separation, desalination and vacuum freezing. The USA has the highest number of seawater treatment plants in the world.

6. Package wastewater plants

The aeration process is usually used in a package wastewater plant. These plants are commonly seen in construction sites, educational sites, recreational sites and mining areas.

7. Mobile water treatment

This is a popular treatment facility offered by some water treatment companies where the reverse osmosis process is often followed. This is usually used in small scale in both rural and urban areas.

8. Bottled treatment

In this treatment, the water is collected from a certain source, sometimes even from deep under the sea; and then it is purified with high-end technology and machinery, and bottled to supply to the marketplace. The usage of bottled drinking water is rising day by day and so the number of bottled water treatment plants is also increasing in every corner of the world.

Finally, since pure water has become scarce in many parts of the world these days, the above-mentioned applications of water treatment plants are playing a vital role in saving people, animals and the environment as a whole.

Top Tips to Choose the Best Connectors

From smart phones to sophisticated machineries that manufacture them, you can find an electrical connector in many forms. If you are an electrical industrialist or purchase engineer, it is essential to have some key factors in mind before making your final choice.

Here are a few essential aspects to check while choosing a connector:


Power of the connector is a determining factor. The market offers a wide range of connectors with different power-ratings. Identify your requirement and choose the one that meets the purpose.

A low power variant may not give you the expected efficiency and on the other hand, a high power connector can even damage the entire system.


The density of a connector is yet another influential factor in the present day. The higher the connector density, the more compact your machine design will be. This is especially important in case of complex machineries. In order to keep it solid at the same time give exceptional performances, it is essential to choose a high-density connector.

Temperature Resistance

Another important feature that adds to the quality of a connector is its capacity to withstand high temperatures. Most of these connectors are used in intricate machineries and they undergo immense heat exposure during their functioning. High-end connectors are often passed through multiple levels of testing to ensure its temperature resistance.


The transmission speeds of connectors are quite significant for their overall performance. Many of the latest connectors ensure to meet high transmission speeds. ExaMAX High Speed Backplane Connectors are one of the best you can get in the market these days.

Mating Features

The mating features of any connector play an important role in determining its performance, quality and durability. Before you choose your connector, ensure that you scout through specifications to analyze its mating features. The angle of mating, the number of mating cycles, etc. will be clearly mentioned in the specifications, which help to find the one matching your requirements. Mating cycles are especially important for connectors that are mated and unmated frequently. For a USB connector the mating cycles will be in thousands where as for a board to board connector will have a lesser mating cycle.

The easiest way to decide on a connector is often to choose the best brands. The connectors manufactured by prominent brands will have all major certifications, which makes it trustworthy. In that case, you will not have to compromise in terms of quality and safety.

Shipping Containers

In the shipping industry, goods require proper packaging that would ensure safety and protection of the merchandise being moved both whiles on the ship and on transportation to their destination. This, therefore, means shipping containers are supposed to be strong, able to stand the shipment process, be a safe storage facility and allow handling. Various containers range from material they are made of to their designed make.

Types of Shipping Containers.

The first category we focus on material whereby there all sort of freight containers;

· The wooden containers, these are made wooden boxes used for large weight products such as weapons. An example of such containers is crates used by different government military services.

· Containers made of corrugated cardboard boxes; these are fiberboards that have been corrugated to come up with cheap lighter shipping device and are commonly preferred due to their reusability.

· Metallic or steel made, these are the usual freight containers that are transported by road, railway, and air and by shipping. They are the largest worldwide standard shipping containers, and this is because of their great durability and handling properties.

· Plastic containers are also widely used to transport material such as liquid products or those substances that are corrosive to both wooden and metallic devices.

Types of Containers based on Design.

· Flat rack container, these are open container that usually measure about 20 feet in size and have foldable sides that allow accommodation of large cargos.

· The general purpose dry storage type, these are used to ship and store dry goods. They come in varying sizes just like the rest of the containers, but the common measurements are the 20 feet and 40 feet long.

· The open top or open side container, as the name suggest the top cover can easily be opened to allow more room upwards, while the other one contains doors on either sides. They are used to ferry bulky goods and can be used to ship perishable products since the openings can act as ventilation.

· Tank containers are the made into units of various volumes and are used to transport liquid and gaseous product. Non corrosive steel is used to make these containers for safety purposes.

· Half height containers are commonly made of steel, and they measure half the size of a standard bulk container. They are designed to ferry goods such as bricks and coal, since they allow faster loading and offloading.

· Temperature regulated containers; these are either the refrigerated or the insulated ones that have modifications that regulate the atmospheric factors inside and are used widely for long distance transportation of perishable goods


The best shipping containers are those that have passed the ISO certifications requirements and depending on the goods to be transported one should make the right choice. The whole process of shipping is only appreciated if the right containers are used.

Benefits of Buying Used Packaging Equipment

any kinds of equipment are required for the entire process of packaging. This includes filling machines, capping machines, labeling machines, and complete turnkey packaging systems. Other packaging equipment which is manufactured by many companies is bottle unscramblers, bottle rinsers, liquid fillers, and cappers, labelers, sleeving machines, sealing machines, conveyors, turntables, heat tunnels, sleeves, coders and support packaging machinery.

Whether buying a car for the family or production equipment for a manufacturing facility, looking for the best deal while getting a quality product is usually the number-one objective for most people. Savvy manufacturers will explore all options, including looking at used as well as new equipment and base their decision on what best meets their needs. And in the face of these hard economic times, it is imperative to look at all means necessary to cut costs and increase profits. In the long-run, buying used equipment is a viable option that may not only save money but also decrease downtime and establish relationships with used equipment dealers that will go the extra mile for a natural products manufacturer or raw material supplier.

Why Buy Used?

While buying new equipment may seem the obvious choice, many times, it is just not a practical reality. New equipment is often not readily available and companies in need of machinery may be quoted lead times of six months or more–time that they do not have. Used packaging equipment, on the other hand, is available immediately, with a variety of comparable models from which to choose. Furthermore, a knowledgeable dealer can often locate equipment that is close to a manufacturer’s facility, which may sidestep potential shipping costs.

Perhaps the greatest benefit in buying used is that a manufacturer’s engineers can inspect a pre-owned machine first-hand while it is still installed and running product at its original place of business. This allows the manufacturers to see everything the machine does, what parts it has and its overall condition. New equipment purchases rarely if ever afford this luxury. Depending on the machine, new equipment customers will likely see either drawings or similar models of the machine that has yet to be manufactured, but not the specific machine being bought until it has been delivered.

  • More Productivity

When you choose to buy used machines instead of new machines, the money you save may allow you to buy multiple machines-more than you had initially planned on buying. When you have more hardware within your packaging line, you’ll obviously be able to package more of your product, so your line will work quickly and more efficiently. Over time, you may find that this can increase the amount you’re able to ship to your suppliers, and in turn, you may be able to sell more of your product overall.

  • Better Customer Support

Buying new machines often means you’re simply buying from a retailer looking to make a quick buck. While that isn’t necessarily a problem, buying a used machine means that you’re buying a product from people who have a vested interest in the machine’s efficiency and reliability. For that reason, they will likely be more receptive to any questions you have about your machine, and there’s a better chance they will also have the know-how to advise you should you have any concerns. In the case of buying new machinery for your packaging line, if you have concerns you may just be re-directed to the manufacturer. Sellers who specialize in used equipment often have more knowledge of the products they are selling and will be happy to answer questions for you.

  • Bigger Selection

Choosing to buy used machines opens up a larger array of models to choose from. For example, if you have a set budget and a brand name’s newest model exceeds that budget, you may think you’re out of luck. However, if you buy a used machine, you may be able to get that newer-model machine at a cost that works with your budget. Your packaging line works best when it has great machinery on it, so why wouldn’t you opt to get the better machine.Also, companies that would otherwise spend exorbitant fees for machines they will divest in a year or two can maximize cash flow by buying used. Even if the used machine requires modification, start-up costs and lead times can be appreciably less than costs and delays incurred from the purchase of a new machine. Moreover, buying used packaging equipment is that dealers will attempt to locate buyers for surplus equipment. Ideally, this infuses cash flow and creates floor space as soon as the project is complete.

3 Basic Types of Electrical Connectors

Any electrical equipment will have different types of electrical connectors within. Each connector comes in different shapes, sizes, and materials. Function is another key factor that classifies the connectors.

From connecting a wire to a board to joining key elements on a PCB, connectors play diverse roles and serve many applications. Despite their simple design, they connect and bring power/signals to the system. Key factors that determine the quality of a good connector is its reliability, signal integrity, speed performance, power rating durability, and ease of assembly.

Connector manufacturers offer an extensive array of tried and tested product solutions.

There a few common connectors which are worth the mention:

8P8C Connector

8P8C connector, where 8P8C stands for “eight positions, eight conductors” have eight positions, with corresponding conductors in the mating socket assigned to each. It is basically a modular connector and was primarily used in telephone wire applications. Today, they serve many applications and functions like being used to interface Ethernet jacks.

The 8P8C connectors have a male plug and a corresponding female socket connection. It carries eight contacts and when they get aligned with the corresponding eight conductors within the sockets, electrical signals get transmitted. Apart from Ethernet and telephone wires, they are also used in computer applications and other communication cables.

Generally, most modular connectors are technically named after the number of positions and conductors. They include sizes like -4-,-6-, 8-, and -10-. For instance, a 10P8C will have ten positions with eight conductors.

D-Subminiature Connectors

D-subminiature is much similar to 8P8C, as they are used in computer and play a critical function on modems. Though the name states “subminiature”, these are larger than most modern computer connectors. The connector has a D-shaped metal component that defines its shape and protects it. It also consists of two or more rows of pins with varying numbers in the male connector and a similar set of receiving ends in the female part. The male connector with a pin is called a plug whereas the receiving part that houses the contacts that connect these pins is called a socket. This connection is established to transmit electrical signals. This variant has the capability to provide protection against electromagnetic interference, commonly known as EMI.

USB Connectors

USB or Universal Serial Bus is a very common type of connector. They are small interfaces used to attach multiple devices to a computer. You can see at least two USB ports in any standard laptop that support external USB connectors and cables, while desktops have up to 4 USB ports in general. USB connectors gained much popularity and recognition, as it can be connected and disconnected easily while the device is still working. This contributed to its widespread use in computer applications that constantly require plugging and unplugging external devices, especially for transferring data.

There are many variants for USB connectors that suit both high-speed and low-speed connections like USB 1.0, USB 2.0, and USB 3.0. While USB 1.0 models generally connect keyboards and mice, USB 2.0 offer higher speed connections for these devices.

How to Improve the Warehouse Shipping Process

A few online sales channels work in partnership with you on shipping tasks. Conversely, if you own an online website for your sales, the responsibility for organizing a courier service falls upon your shoulders. So let’s look at how to avoid common shipping mistakes and improve your shipping process:-

1. Offer a choice between free shipping and rapid delivery

In the event, you do provide shipping for free; you will be able to afford the best ever shipping option for your esteemed customers. A majority of customers prefer free shipping, including rapid delivery. Offering the customer with a choice illustrates that you trust them enough to let them come to a decision on their own.

2. Cross-check the package safety

Hardly any customer wants rapid delivery of the package only to find out that its contents are damaged. Shipping is a significant process for a package. It has to go through various channels, including limitless hand-overs, transportation changes, and get stored in restricted spaces for extended periods. As a result, the products in transit are exceedingly likely to damage. The only thing that can keep them undamaged is the quality of packaging. For this reason, make sure that the packaging is safe and sound, and do not forget to cross-check the packages before transporting them.

3. Deal with your return policy

Many online sellers are cautious of return policies, looking at them as a possible loss. However, the truth is actually the opposite. The return policies are basically your declaration to the customer that you are completely responsible for the product’s condition and the customer’s fulfillment. In this situation, don’t overlook to add the return shipping tags to your package. Confirm that the provisions are clearly mentioned in case of shipping a return package.

4. An accurate technology to manage your orders

In an online sales business, the inventory comes into the warehouse from the dealer. After that, it gets shipped to the customer according to the delivery details received by you through an online transaction. Now, the question arises ‘How will you manage to send the parcel to the correct destination? What will turn out if you end up printing the incorrect data on the shipping tag? In this aspect, an accurate technology facilitates in the reduction human mistakes.

5. Quickly update shipping status

Bear in mind, as an online business owner, you are sending products as well as receiving them too. The dealer sends you products as per your requirements. Shipping is involved, and so, you should engross this aspect into the system. Both the inbound and outbound packages necessitate to be documented cautiously. Moreover, tracking these packages is a necessity. Informing customers about the status is very important.

6. Give required documentation and shipping information

The shipping of products involves manifold documentation. It comprises of shipping labels, landing bill, invoices, etc. These have to be suitably printed and attached for the secure passage of the product. If you ignore them, it can lead to serious consequences affecting your business.

New Technologies: A Solution to Improve Profitable Growth

The quick pace of technological advancements explains clearly why manufacturers focus on getting innovative products to market. An insatiable drive for innovation creates a strain on companies and make them look constantly for new techniques to manufacture products. Taking this into account, how can you profitably satisfy your customers and grow your business? The following discussion will help you understand how you can achieve profitable growth when incorporating new technologies into your new and existing products.

Your customers always want to gain an edge from the latest technological updates no matter your customers are individuals or businesses. As a manufacturer, the only solution you have is to add new methods of production as efficiently and as quickly as possible and ensure on-time delivery. Innovative and modern manufacturing techniques can be associated with lighter materials, energy-efficient designs, faster processors, more efficient software or hardware features, etc.

A robust product lifecycle management system will enable you to integrate manufacturing processes, supply chain, and procurement. It will eventually lead to an increase in the efficiency of your business. Fundamentally, innovation means implementing something new to your business. It could be associated with:

  • Adding value to existing products and services in order to gain a competitive edge
  • Developing improved products and services to meet emerging consumer needs and requirements
  • Improving or replacing traditional business processes to materialize higher productivity and efficiency
  • Extending the functionality and quality of existing products

Before you invest in any technology, carry out a careful assessment to determine which industry-specific solutions are best suited to your business. From accounting and supply chain management to human resource and enterprise resource planning, you can find readily available and affordable manufacturing solutions. Every business has its own unique strengths and weaknesses. You need custom engineering and management solutions to meet your unique requirements.In order to achieve sustainable growth, a business must carefully examine its sense of purpose and make sure the organization serves it well. An inspiring purpose is all about:

  • A strong engagement within a company and its stakeholders
  • Non-stop, pragmatic innovation
  • A consistent and constant sense of focus

Automation is the single most significant factor that can help manufacturers meet their production and growth objectives. Automated machines, industrial robots, intelligent sensors and control systems, advanced quality control (QC) systems are few examples of innovative manufacturing techniques.If you want to build a scalable business, you have to understand how critical it is to build and implement efficient machines capable of operating intelligently and independently. The right technology can dramatically improve how you manage your business. Consult a reputable manufacturing and engineering solution provider in order to eliminate complexities and inefficiencies from your production system and achieve profitable growth.

All About Motors

Motors are designed to convert electrical energy supplied to them from the power source into mechanical energy. This type of more types are depending force is used to provide power to move and operate machines in industries and robot control panels. The primary interaction that takes place in a motor to bring about this conversion is from the magnetic field of the engine and the winding current.

The Major Parts of a motor.

A motor has various parts that help it to achieve its purpose and just as discussed above these elements take part in this magnetic field and winding current interactions.

· Rotor: This is the rotating part of the motor, and it moves the shaft to create the mechanical power. It is primarily fitted with power conductors to carry electrical currents, which acts on the magnetic field in the motor to bring about the force that rotates the shaft.

· Stator: This is the unmovable inner lining part that is electromagnetically charged and is laminated with metallic plates to prevent energy from being lost. The stator is fitted with either winding or fixed magnets.

· Bearings: These aid the rotation of the rotor and to avoid friction by facilitating the smooth complete 360-degree rotation of the rotor. They are contained within the outer motor casing; hence the shaft goes through them to the exterior end of the motor which carries out its functions

· The air gap: This is the space between the rotor and the stator; this distance is of great essence in that it dictates the efficiency and the power consumption of the motor. This space is required to be small to increase the magnetization force and not too little to create friction and noise.

· Windings: These are the lamination sheets that wrap the magnetic core. They can be of varying make depending on the manufacturer’s preferences such as aluminum coils or copper.

There are two main types of motor, and those are the brought about by their kind of power supply, that is, the DC motors an AC motors. DC stands for Direct current while AC stands for Alternating Current. Under these two major classes, there are more types depending on their features and how they operate.

Machine Learning

Machine Learning is a new trending field these days and is an application of artificial intelligence. It uses certain statistical algorithms to make computers work in a certain way without being explicitly programmed. The algorithms receive an input value and predict an output for this by the use of certain statistical methods. The main aim of machine learning is to create intelligent machines which can think and work like human beings.

Requirements of creating good machine learning systems

So what is required for creating such intelligent systems? Following are the things required in creating such machine learning systems:

Data – Input data is required for predicting the output.

Algorithms – Machine Learning is dependent on certain statistical algorithms to determine data patterns.

Automation – It is the ability to make systems operate automatically.

Iteration – The complete process is an iterative i.e. repetition of the process.

Scalability – The capacity of the machine can be increased or decreased in size and scale.

Modeling – The models are created according to the demand by the process of modeling.

Methods of Machine Learning

The methods are classified into certain categories. These are:

Supervised Learning – In this method, input and output is provided to the computer along with feedback during the training. The accuracy of predictions by the computer during training is also analyzed. The main goal of this training is to make computers learn how to map input to the output.

Unsupervised Learning – In this case, no such training is provided leaving computers to find the output on its own. Unsupervised learning is mostly applied on transactional data. It is used in more complex tasks. It uses another approach of iteration known as deep learning to arrive at some conclusions.

Reinforcement Learning – This type of learning uses three components namely – agent, environment, action. An agent is the one that perceives its surroundings, an environment is the one with which an agent interacts and acts in that environment. The main goal in reinforcement learning is to find the best possible policy.

How does machine learning work?

Machine learning makes use of processes similar to that of data mining. The algorithms are described in terms of target function(f) that maps input variable (x) to an output variable (y). This can be represented as:


There is also an error e which is the independent of the input variable x. Thus the more generalized form of the equation is:

y=f(x) + e

The common type of machine learning is to learn the mapping of x to y for predictions. This method is known as predictive modeling to make most accurate predictions. There are various assumptions for this function.

Applications of Machine Learning

Following are some of the applications:

Cognitive Services

Medical Services

Language Processing

Business Management

Image Recognition

Face Detection

Video Games

Benefits of Machine Learning

Everything is dependent on these systems. Find out what are the benefits of this.

Decision making is faster – It provides the best possible outcomes by prioritizing the routine decision-making processes.

Adaptability – It provides the ability to adapt to new changing environment rapidly. The environment changes rapidly due to the fact that data is being constantly updated.

Innovation – It uses advanced algorithms that improve the overall decision-making capacity. This helps in developing innovative business services and models.

Insight – It helps in understanding unique data patterns and based on which specific actions can be taken.

Business growth – With machine learning overall business process and workflow will be faster and hence this would contribute to the overall business growth and acceleration.

Outcome will be good – With this the quality of the outcome will be improved with lesser chances of error.

Deep Learning

Deep Learning is a part of the broader field machine learning and is based on data representation learning. It is based on the interpretation of artificial neural network. Deep Learning algorithm uses many layers of processing. Each layer uses the output of previous layer as an input to itself. The algorithm used can be supervised algorithm or unsupervised algorithm.

Deep Neural Network

Deep Neural Network is a type of Artificial Neural Network with multiple layers which are hidden between the input layer and the output layer. This concept is known as feature hierarchy and it tends to increase the complexity and abstraction of data. This gives network the ability to handle very large, high-dimensional data sets having millions of parameters.

Automation And Quality Control (QC) Management

The continuous business improvement is no longer an option, but a requisite for survival in this era of ever-increasing competitiveness. Every progressive business puts a lot of effort into increasing market share, improving customer satisfaction, driving down production costs, and managing risk factors more effectively in order to benefit the bottom line.

Automating quality control processes is one of the ways to achieve these long-standing business objectives. Certifying quality within an organization is a critical business strategy. The hurdle, however, is that traditional quality management techniques do not meet the requirements of a demanding business environment.

Initial cost is probably the biggest factor that discourages manufacturers to invest in automation solutions. It might be costly in the short-run to adopt new QC technologies to improve the quality of products. However, implementation of modern technologies is essential to streamline every single production process in order to remain competitive and profitable. Automated quality control systems can help a business grow by reducing or eliminating costs associated with manual inspection.

Benefits of using QC in manufacturing

In a competitive environment, customers always demand and expect high-quality products. Manufacturers with a proper quality control system in place are less likely to deal with product recalls and customer dissatisfaction. This is why most of the companies today perform quality checks at almost every stage in the production process. Managing compliance is now a major aspect of running a successful business. By using quality control in manufacturing, a company will not only increase customer loyalty but also gain high return on investment.

Implementation of QC in manufacturing

In order to integrate an effective quality control mechanism in the manufacturing processes, conduct a thorough research to complete the following steps:

  • Defining quality standards for all products
  • Defining number of products that will be inspected
  • Developing appropriate QC methods
  • Training employees for QC management
  • Creating a communication channel to process data
  • Handling of rejected items Defining quality standards for all products
  • Defining number of products that will be inspected
  • Developing appropriate QC methods
  • Training employees for QC management
  • Creating a communication channel to process data
  • Handling of rejected items

Automated inspection controlsManual inspection is a slow process which involves chances of error. An automated system, on the other hand, can perform inspection with great precision and speed. It enables a company to set the standards and perform real-time tracking through vision cameras, sensors, and other automated QC devices.

Industrial automation technology can help manufacturers improve quality by improving inspection and safety while increasing consistency and reducing bad parts. By creating greater workflow efficiency and saving money on wasted materials, automated QC systems boost bottom line and increase the overall efficiency of a working environment.